Posts Under Tag: Famous Politicians

Read Biography of Laloo Prasad Yadav

Laloo Prasad Yadav

Read Biography of Laloo Prasad Yadav Lalu Prasad Yadav was born on 11 June 1948 in Gopalganj, Bihar, is an Indian politician from Bihar. He was the Minister of Railways from 2004 to 2009 in the ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government, Chief Minister of Bihar from 1990 to 1997 and is the President of the Rashtriya Janata Dal political party. He is a Member of Parliament in the 15th Lok Sabha from the Saran constituency in Bihar.

He entered politics during his student days at Patna University, and he was elected a member of the Lok Sabha in 1977 as a Janata party candidate. At the age of 29 he was one of its youngest members of Parliament. Yadav became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1990 but resigned in 1997 following escalating corruption charges relating to the Fodder Scam. From 1997 to 2005, with brief interruptions, his wife Rabri Devi was the Chief Minister. Her political opponents often accused her as having served as his “surrogate.” His tenure as Chief Minister of the state has been criticized for lawlessness and has been termed as the Jungle Raj.

He is famous for his charismatic leadership and mass appeal, but has been criticized for promoting and encouraging caste-based politics and the corruption cases against him.

His father’s name is Shri Kundan Rai and his mother’s name is Shrimati Marchiya Devi. He holds a degree in Bachelor of Laws in 1970] and a master’s in Political science from B. N. College,under Patna University. He turned down Patna University’s Honorary Doctorate in 2004. Lalu Prasad Yadav has done his schooling from 1st standard to 7th standard, at Bihar Military Police No-5 middle school.He did matriculation in 1965. Yadav married Rabri Devi on 1 June 1973. They have seven daughters and two sons. His daughters are: Misha Bharti, Rohini Acharya, Chanda, Ragini,Dhannu, Hema, Lakshmi; Sons are Tej Pratap, Tejasvi.

Lalu Prasad Yadav served as the Chief Minister of Bihar two times, first for a term of five years from 10 March 1990 to 28 March 1995 and then for a term of three years from 4 April 1995 to 25 July 1997. Lalu Prasad Yadav also served as the Railway Minister of India from 2004 to 2009. He is member of Parliament of India for Saran(Chhapra) and National President of Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD).

Lalu Prasad Yadav entered politics as General Secretary of the Patna University Students’ Union in 1970. He led the student movement inspired by Jai Prakash Narayan, Raj Narain, Karpoori Thakur and Satyendra Narayan Sinha. The former Chief Minister of Bihar and the then President of Bihar State Janata Party, Satyendra Narayan Sinha supported him as a candidate for the Lok Sabha and campaigned for him. He was elected as a member of the 6th Lok Sabha on a Janata Party ticket at the age 29, becoming one of the youngest members of the Indian Parliament at the time.

In a span of 10 years, Yadav became a formidable force in Bihar State politics, known for his popularity among the Muslim and Yadav voters. The Muslims in Bihar had traditionally served as a Congress (I) vote bank, but after the 1989 Bhagalpur violence, they shifted their loyalty to Yadav. During the Indian general elections in 1989 and state assembly elections, he successfully led the National Front coalition in Bihar. He was elected the Chief Minister leaving behind Ram Sundar Das, a former chief minister from the same party, when it came to power in the 1990 Assembly elections. The World Bank lauded his party for its work in the 1990s on the economic front.

A report was published by the BBC news in 1996 according to which the police unearthed a Rs.9.50 billion (US$267M), Fodder Scam in Bihar, which allegedly involved Yadav and the State’s leading bureaucrats and politicians, albeit the probe itself was ordered by him. He claimed it to be an Opposition conspiracy to stop his political growth. The fodder scam forced Yadav to resign from the office of Chief Minister and he made his wife, Rabri Devi, his successor as the state’s Chief Minister.

In May 2012, Lalu Prasad Yadav envisaged Hamid Ansari, currently the Vice-President, as a presidential candidate. In May, 2013, Lalu Yadav tried to rejuvenate the party and fuel the party workers in his Parivartan Rally.

Yadav formed the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) in 5 July 1996, after breaking away from the Janata Dal. According to Limca Book of Records, he is the longest serving president of an Indian Political Party. He remained in power in Bihar for more than one and a half decades. In November 2005 elections, his party, the RJD, could win just 54 seats, which put his party in third place, after the Janata Dal United (JDU) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Nitish Kumar led coalition, consisting of JD(U) and BJP, came to power. In the 2010 elections, RJD tally was reduced to just 22 seats whereas the ruling alliance claimed a record 206 out of the 243 Assembly seats.

Yadav was elected to the 14th Lok Sabha from Chhapra and Madhepura seats of Bihar. He was able to defeat the high profile BJP leader Rajiv Pratap Rudy from Chhapra and the JD(U) president Sharad Yadav from Madhepura. He became the railway minister in the UPA Government. Later, he gave up the Madhepura seat.

Yadav banned plastic cups from being used to serve tea at railway stations and ordered that they be replaced by kulhars (earthen cups), to generate more employment in rural areas. Later, he also said that he had plans to introduce buttermilk and kh?d?. In June 2004, he announced that he would get on the railway himself to inspect its problems and went on to board the Patna railway station at midnight.

When he took over, the Indian Railways was a loss-making organization. In the 4 years under his leadership, it made a cumulative total profit of Rs.250 billion (US $5.2 billion).

He left passenger fares untouched and found several other profitable sources of revenue for the Railways. He also improved on his first year’s performance by stating a profit of 140 billion with decreased freight and unchanged passenger fares in 2006. Then, in the 2007 budget, he increased the profit level to 200 billion with the introduction of cushion seats in all unreserved compartments. In 2008, profits were 250 billion (equals US $6.25 billion @ $1~Rs.40)

Well known schools of management were interested in Yadav’s leadership in managing the turnaround (with more or less the same IAS officers & the same workforce who worked under the previous ministers). He went to and addressed over a hundred students from Harvard, Wharton and others in Hindi. He has received invitations from 8 Ivy League schools for lectures. In August 2008, CNN-IBN alleged that Yadav had misused his position as the Union Railway Minister to help his relatives acquire land. Earlier Railway ministers and his political opponents Mamata Banerjee & Nitish Kumar have raised doubts over Lalu’s achievements.

Recently, a very popular book “Garibon ke Masiha Evam Jan Nayak – Lalu Prasad Yadav” was launched by renowned author and writer Sri Sanjay Suman .Yadav has a sizable fan following in Bollywood, which includes actors Sunil Shetty and Raza Murad and directors Mahesh Manjrekar and Mahesh Bhatt to name a few. Indian actor turned politician Shatrughan Sinha, who is a political opponent of Yadav, once said, “Had Yadav not been a politician he could have been an actor”. Mahesh Bhatt has gone to the extent of saying that Yadav deserves to become Prime Minister of India. A Bollywood movie titled Padmashree Laloo Prasad Yadav was released in 2004. Though his name appeared in the title, the movie was not about him, but had characters named Padmashreee, Laloo, Prasad and Yadav, however the politician made a guest appearance in it.

These incidences are viewed by some people as an attempt by the mainstream media to make deliberate fun of Yadav’s accent although the movie was not a big hit.

Yadav has been charged in several corruption cases, the most infamous being the “Fodder Scam” in which about Rs.9.50 billion (US $211.85 million) were siphoned off from the animal husbandry department. Laloo Yadav has been an accused in many of the 63-odd cases filed. He has been remanded to custody on multiple occasions because of the number of cases. Over 64 people have been convicted in the case. “Lalu accused in six fodder scam cases”. Outlook. 25 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-05-29.

“The ride to Ranchi”. Frontline. December 2001. Retrieved 2006-05-29. Yadav was first sent to “Judicial remand” (Bihar Military Police guest house, Patna) on 30 July 1997, for 134 days. On 28 October 1998, he was again sent to the same guest house for 73 days. When the Supreme Court of India took exception to his guest house stay, he had also moved to the Beur jail in Patna. He was later remanded for 11 days on 5 April 2000, in a disproportionate assets case. He surrendered along with his wife, Rabri Devi, and was sent to the Beur Jail. Due to the proceedings in the fodder scam, Yadav was remanded for a day in Beur jail on 28 November 2000.

On 26 November 2001, Yadav was again remanded, in a case related to the fodder scam. He accused the NDA of creating a conspiracy against him. On 1 October 2004, the Supreme Court of India served a notice to Yadav and his wife, Rabri Devi, on the fodder scam. This was in response to a petition, which alleged that they have been interfering with late in the investigation.

On 5 August 2004, Yadav claimed that L. K. Advani, a senior BJP leader and the Leader of the Opposition was an accused in a conspiracy to kill Muhammad Ali Jinnah and described him as an ‘international absconder’. On 14 September 2004, Lalu asked L. K. Advani to come clean on ‘his involvement’ in the alleged conspiracy to assassinate the founder of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah.

On 28 September 2004, Lalu alleged Mr. Venkaiah Naidu, the then Union Rural Minister, of having sold 55,000 tonnes of wheat in the group of drought relief distribution in AP. “A CBI probe will be initiated to find the truth” he said.

While campaigning for Bihar elections in 2005, both Lalu Prasad Yadav and Ram Vilas Paswan used a look-alike of Osama bin Laden to woo Muslim voters. The look-alike would dress like bin Laden, accompany them in their helicopter to various election meetings, share the stage with them and make speeches that attacked the United States for its alleged anti-Muslim activities. Pramod Mahajan, senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, had criticized both leaders for this by saying that they were “glorifying the name of a man who is recognised as the most wanted terrorist in the world.”

Tags: , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: June 10, 2015

Read Biography of Nandamuri Balakrishna

Nandamuri Balakrishna

Read Biography of Nandamuri Balakrishna Nandamuri Balakrishna was born on 10 June 1960 in Madras, Tamil Nadu, India, is a prominent Telugu film actor. He is the son of the former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, actor Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao. He made his acting debut at the age of 14 as a child artist in his father’s movie Tatamma kala. He then starred in many critical and commercial films and established himself as one of the leading contemporary actors of Telugu Cinema. He appeared in the highest number of dual roles (Thirteen) and one triple role in the latest flick Adhinayakudu (2012).

He is popularly known as “Balayya” and “NBK” by his fans and admirers. In addition to films, balakrishna is associated with several philanthropic and social organisations activities. He campaigned for the Telugu Desam Party in the 2009 Assembly elections, and he is the chairman of the trust board of The Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital & Research Institute.

Balakrishna was born to prolific Indian film actor, politician N. T. Rama Rao and Smt. Basava Tarakam. He has six brothers Rama Krishna, Jaya Krishna, Harikrishna, Mohana Krishna, Sai Krishna, Jaya Shankar Krishna, and four sisters Uma Maheswari, Bhuvaneswari, Lokeswari, Daggubati Purandareswari. Balakrishna is married to Vasundhara Devi. They have a son Mokshagna Tarakarama Teja, and daughters Brahmini and Tejaswini (working CTS,DLF Towers Hyderabad as Programmer Analyst). His elder daughter Brahmini was married to Nara lokesh, son of Nara Chandrababu Naidu who is the president of Telugu Desam Party and former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.

In 1974, he acted in Tatamma Kala which was directed by NTR as a child artist. Over a period of time he acted in several films, many of them were directed by NTR.Out of which Dana Veera Soora Karna, Srimadvirataparvam, Akbar Saleem Anarkali and Sri Tirupati Venkateswara Kalyanam became memorable films in his film career.His roles as Abhimanyu in DVSK,SMV and saleem in ASA, saint Narada In STVK are highly praised.In 1984 he debuted in a hero role with Sahasame Jeevitham. He then starred in a drama film Mangammagari Manavadu (1984) along side Bhanumathi, Suhasini directed by Kodi Ramakrishna. The film was a Block Buster at the box-office. In the same year, he acted in Kathanayakudu and in Biographical film Shrimad Virat Veerabrahmendra Swami Charitra. Both the films were hits at the Box-office. Again his role as Siddhappa in Shrimad Virat Veerabrahmendra Swami Charitra is critically praised.This movie was directed by his father NTR.In the year 1985,he acted with Akkineni Nageswara Rao in the film Bharya Bhartala Bandam alongside rajani,which is a moderate success. In the year 1986, all his six films were success at the Box-office.

In 1987, he acted in a dual role in the film Apurva Sahodarudu directed by K. Raghavendra Rao, was a box-office success.This year he had six super hit films in a row. In the same year, he starred in Presidentugari Abbai directed by Tatineni Rama Rao and Muvva Gopaludu by Kodi Ramakrishna were biggest hits of the year. Bhargava Ramudu, which is made from a novel,alongside vijayashanti is success at the box office. His other films like Inspector Pratap, Bharatamlo Bala Chandrudu, Tiragabadda Telugubidda, Rakthabhisekham were also critically and commercially successful at the boxoffice. In 1989, he paired with Vijaya Shanti in Muddula Mavayya directed Kodi Ramakrishna. The film was a blockbuster at the box-office. Bhale Donga alongside Vijayasanthi and sharada was also success at the boxoffice. In 1990, he acted in Nari Nari Naduma Murari directed by A. Kodandarami Reddy along side Shobana and Nirosha. The film was a box-office success. In the same year he appeared in B. Gopal’s Lorry Driver opposite Vijaya Shanti; the film was a Superhit at the box-office. Talli Tandrulu alongside vijayasanthi was again a success at the boxoffice.

In 1991, he acted in another blockbuster Science fiction film Aditya 369 directed by Singeetam Srinivasa Rao. The film is about a time machine that goes into the past and the future.This is the only science fiction film in Telugu cinema,during that period of time.He then had two releases in 1992 Dharma Kshetram was a disappointment and Rowdy Inspector directed by B. Gopal, was a “Super Hit” at the box-office. In the year 1993, balakrishna had two releases on the same day which are Nippu Ravva along side Shobana and Vijaya Shanti directed by A. Kodandarami Reddy and Bangaru Bullodu along side Raveena Tandon and Ramya Krishna directed by Ravi Raja Pinisetty, out of which “Bangaru Bullodu” was a hit. His next appearance was a folk role in Bhairava Dweepam (1994) directed by Singeetam Srinivasa Rao. The film was critical and commercial success, and fetched him a Filmfare Award for Best Actor.In Brahmarshi Viswamitra,directed by his father,he played as Satya Harischandra and Dushyanta. Between 1994–1999, he acted in super hit movies like Bobbili Simham, Vamsanikokkadu, Peddannayya, Yuvaratna Rana and moderate successes like Muddula Mogudu, Maatho Pettukoku and Pavitra Prema. In the year 1999, he acted in B. Gopal’s action film Samarasimha Reddy opposite Simran and Anjala Zhaveri. The film went on to become one of the biggest hits of Telugu cinema of its time.

In 2000, Balakrishna acted in Goppinti Alludu directed by E V V Satyanarayana with Simran. The film was a hit at the box office. In 2001, he starred in B. Gopal’s directed faction film Narasimha Naidu opposite Simran. The film broke several box office records and it completed 100 days in as many as 109 centres in the state and neighbouring states and silver jubilee in a record 17 centre. He won his first Nandi Award for Best Actor for his performance. In the same year, he appeared in Bhalevadivi Basu with Shilpa Shetty, Anjala Zhaveri which opened to average reviews. His 2002 and 2003 films include Seema Simham, Chennakeshava Reddy neither of which were well received, but the later one did an average business at the box office. In 2004, he performed in a remake of the 2003 Tamil hit Saamy titled Lakshmi Narasimha with Asin Thottumkal. The film and Balakrishna’s performance won critical acclaim and was a box office hit.

The years from 2005 to 2008 saw a lull in Balayya’s career. Action-drama flicks such as Vijayendra Varma, Veerabhadra, Allari Pidugu, Okka Magadu and Maharadhi bombed at the box office. Balakrishna paired with Sneha and Tabu in the mythological movie Panduranga (2008) directed by K. Raghavendra Rao. He played the dual roles of Krishna and Panduranga. Rediff described his performance as “Balakrishna does justice to both the roles of God and Ranga. He shines in the climax of the movie. It’s quite a task to step into NTR’s shoes but his son has done pretty well, though one does miss NTR in the role of Krishna!”. The film was an average success and his performance won him the Santosham Best Actor Award. In the year 2009, he starred in family drama Mithrudu alongside Priyamani in a slightly different role — that of a dependable friend and confidante to the female lead. The film opened to average reviews.

In 2010, he acted in Boyapati Srinu’s film Simha alongside Nayantara and Sneha Ullal. NBK played dual roles as father and son. The film opened to positive reviews, and went on to became one of the highest grossing film of the year. A review in Rediff said about his performance “Balakrishna has put in a restrained performance. Though his character is supposed to roar at times, he seems subdued most of the time. But he’s given plenty to be pleased about as it is his show all the way.” In 2011 he acted in a mythological film Sri Rama Rajyam based on the epic Ramayana.

Some of his Firsts and Bests:

1. First movie : tatamma kala 2. First movie he acted with his father: tatamma kala 3. First movie he acted with Sri. ANR: Bharyabhartala Bandham 4. First Dual role movie: Apoorva Sahodarulu 5. First Mythological movie: Dana Veera Soora Karna 6. First Historical Movie: Akbar-Salim-Anarkali 7. First 100 days movie: Mangammagari Manavadu (after started acting full time) 8. First Silver Jubilee: Mangammagari Manavadu 9. First Golden Jubilee: Mangammagari Manavadu 10. First Director: Sri. D. Yoganand (tatamma kala) 11. First 100 days movie in Karnataka: Mangammagari Manavadu 12. First movie based on a novel: Bhargava Ramudu 13: First Heroine: Ms. Jayamalini (annadammula anubandham) 14: First black and white movie: Ram-Rahim 15: First movie with Sri. Harikrishna: Ram-Rahim 16: Heroine he acted mostly with: Ms. VijayaSanthi 17: Director he acted mostly under: Sri. A. Kodandarami Reddy

He had acted in 4 Golden Jubilee movies produced under the Bhargav Arts (producer Sri. S. Gopala Reddy) banner. 8 of his movies collected a gross of more than 1 crore in the first week (his movie dharmakshEtram collected a gross of 2+ crores in the first week).He had 6 golden Jubilee movies to his credit so-far. His last year’s blockbuster SamaraSimha Reddy ran for 175 days in 32 centers(all-time India record beating maine pyar kiya’s 27 theatres, and interestingly the previous state record during slab time also belonged to him which is Muddula Krishnayya in 21 theatres). His latest sensational hit ‘Narasimha Naidu’ turned out to be biggest hit of Telugu cinema Industry and it is collected a staggering amount of 30 crores in the total run.

Balakrishna was involved in a shooting controversy. The incident took place on June 3, 2004 around 20:50 hrs at his residence in Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad. It is alleged that the actor has fired shots at the producer B.Suresh and his associate, Satyanarayana Chowdhary. Later both the wounded were admitted into Apollo hospital. The circumstances under which the case was handled led to much controversy as purported by the Human Right Forum (HRF). The HRF has questioned the authenticity of people who handled the case, and the circumstances under which the actor was shielded from police by giving refuge in the CARE Hospital with out any justifiable cause.

The two victims have given statements before the magistrate alleging that actor has fired shots at them during their treatment in the hospital but soon they were retracted and made volte-face of their earlier statements. The actor was arrested later on June 6 at around 3:30 AM and produced before fifth Metropolitan Magistrate. A show cause notice was also served on Bala Krishna’s wife Smt. Vasundhara Devi (married: 1982) as the weapon used was licensed under her name and she could not give sufficient protection to her licensed weapon. But later the actor was granted bail.

Tags: , , , , , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: June 9, 2015

Read Biography of Rahul Bajaj

Rahul Bajaj

Read Biography of Rahul Bajaj Rahul Bajaj was born on 10 June 1938 in Bengal Presidency, British India, is an Indian businessman, politician and philanthropist. He is the chairman of Indian conglomerate Bajaj Group and member of parliament. Bajaj comes from the business house started by a Rajasthani Marwadi businessman Jamnalal Bajaj. He was awarded the third highest civilian award Padma Bhushan in 2001.

Rahul Bajaj is an alumnus of Harvard Business School in USA, St. Stephen’s College, Delhi, Government Law College, Mumbai and Cathedral and John Connon School.

He took over Bajaj Group in 1965.

His sons Rajiv Bajaj and Sanjiv Bajaj are involved in the management of his companies. His daughter Sunaina is married to Manish Kejriwal, the former head of Temasek India.

Tags: , , , , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: June 9, 2015

Read Biography of Nandini Satpathy

Nandini Satpathy

Read Biography of Nandini Satpathy Nandini Satpathy was born on 9 June 1931 in Cuttack, Odisha & died on 4 August 2006 in Bhubaneswar, was an Indian politician and author. She was the Chief Minister of Odisha from June 1972 to December 1976.

Satpathy was born on 9 June 1931 and grew up in Pithapur, Cuttack, India. She was the eldest daughter of Kalindi Charan Panigrahi; Satpathy’s uncle Bhagavati Charan Panigrahi founded the Odisha branch of the Communist Party of India.

While at Ravenshaw College pursuing her Master of Arts in Oriya, she became involved with the Communist Party’s student wing, the Student Federation. In 1951, a student protest movement began in Odisha; it demonstrated against rising college education costs, which later became a national youth movement. Satpathy was a leader in this movement, and a police lathi charge was used against one protest she was in. She was jailed, like many others; while there, she met Devendra Satpathy, another Student Federation member and the man whom she later married. (He was later elected for two terms as the lower house member of parliament from Dhenkanal.

In 1962, the Congress party was dominant in Odisha; the Odisha State Legislative Assembly of 140 members had over 80 from the Congress party. At a national level, there was a movement to have more women representatives in the Indian Parliament. The Assembly elected Satpathy (then president of the Women’s Forum) to the upper house of India’s Parliament, where she served two terms. After Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister of India in 1966, Satpathy became a Minister attached to the Prime Minister, with her specific portfolio being the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

Satpathy returned to Odisha in 1972, due to vacancies caused by Biju Patnaik and others departing from the Congress party, and became the Chief Minister of Odisha. During the Emergency of 25 June 1975 – 21 March 1977, she imprisoned a number of notable individuals, including Nabakrusna Choudhuri and Rama Devi; however, Odisha had the least number of prominent individuals jailed during the Emergency, and Satpathy otherwise attempted to resist Indira Gandhi’s policies during the Emergency. Satpathy left office in December 1976. During the general election in 1977, she was part of a group of protesters led by Jagjivan Ram, which became the Congress for Democracy party.

Satpathy returned to the Congress party in 1989, at the request of Rajiv Gandhi. The Congress party was unpopular in Odisha as a whole, due to its prior 15-year rule there (primarily under Janaki Ballabh Patnaik as Chief Minister). She was elected as a member of the State Legislative Assembly from Gondia and remained in the Assembly until 2000, when she decided to retire from politics; she did not contest the 2000 elections. She was not influential in and was critical of the Odisha branch of the Congress party.

In 1977, Satpathy was accused of corruption and a police investigation started into possible violations of the Prevention of Corruption Act in force at that time. During the investigation, she was interrogated on a number of questions in written form. She refused to answer any questions; her attorney argued that Article 20 (3) of the Indian Constitution protected her against forced self-incrimination. The court agreed, strengthening the rights of the accused with a recognition of the right to a lawyer and the right against self-incrimination; it moreover held that women have the right to be questioned at their homes in the presence of male relatives, have the right to be brought to the police station only after a formal arrest, and have the right to be searched only by other women. Over the next 15 years, Satpathy won all of the cases against her.

Satpathy was a writer in the Oriya language; her work has been translated and published into a number of other languages. She received the 1998 Sahitya Bharati Samman Award for her contributions to Oriya literature. Her last major literary work was translating Taslima Nasreen’s Lajja into Oriya.

She died on 4 August 2006 at her home in Bhubaneswar.

In 2006 a social cause organisation, the Smt. Nandini Satpathy Memorial Trust (SNSMT), was established in her memory. It is one of the leading organisation of Odisha albeit India.

Her younger out of the two sons Tathagata Satpathy is a Biju Janata Dal politician and the editor of a daily newspaper – Dharitri. Her eldest of the four grandsons Suparno Satpathy is a noted socio-political leader and the chairman of SNSMT. He held the office of Convenor PMYSA-Orissa, MoPR, Govt. of India from year 2007 till year 2012.He was also the member of the Indian National Congress party’s flagship committee in Orissa. In March 2014 he resigned from the Congress party and joined the regional political outfit Aama Odisha Party (AOP). He unsuccessfully contested the 2014 general election for the MP of Dhenkanal in the 16th Lok Sabha on an AOP ticket against his own uncle Tathagata Satpathy.

9 June, the birthday of late Smt. Nandini Satpathy, has been installed as National Daughters’ Day- Nandini Diwas. Nandini and Diwas are two Sanskrit words which mean daughter and day, respectively.

Tags: , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: June 8, 2015

Read Biography of Smriti Irani

Smriti Irani

Read Biography of Smriti Irani Smriti Zubin Irani was born on 23 March 1976 in New Delhi, Delhi, India, is an Indian politician and former model, television actress and producer. She represents the Bharatiya Janata Party and is the incumbent Minister of Human Resource Development of Government of India.

She is one quarter , Maharastrian, Bengali and Assamese respectively and the eldest amongst three sisters. She has been a “part of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) from childhood” as her grandfather was an RSS swayamsevak and her mother a member of Jana Sangh.

She studied up to class 12 at Holy Child Auxilium School and discontinued further education. Irani has herself provided conflicting affidavits of her educational qualifications. In 2004, she submitted that she had obtained a graduate degree in Arts (B.A, 1996) from Delhi University (School of Correspondence); and in 2014, she submitted that she had completed a part of a graduate degree in Commerce (Part I B.Com, 1994) from Delhi University. Furthermore, a leak from the School of Correspondence, as reported by a newspaper, claims that Irani had enrolled in 2013, but had not written her examination.

Before finding modelling stardom, she worked as a waitress at McDonald’s.

Irani was one of the finalists of the beauty pageant Miss India 1998, along with Gauri Pradhan Tejwani. In 1998, Irani appeared in a song “Boliyan” of the album “Saawan Mein Lag Gayi Aag” with Mika Singh. In 2000, she made her debut with TV series Aatish and Hum Hain Kal Aaj Aur Kal, both aired on Star Plus. In mid-2000, Irani won the lead role of Tulsi Virani in Ekta Kapoor’s production Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi on Star Plus. She holds the record of winning five consecutive Indian Television Academy Awards for Best Actress (Popular), four Indian Telly Awards, eight Star Parivaar Awards. Irani had fallout with the producer Ekta Kapoor and she left the show in June 2007 and was replaced by Gautami Kapoor. She made her comeback in May 2008 in a special episode. At 6th Star Parivaar Awards, 2008, she was given the Base of Star Parivaar award.

In 2001, she also played the mythological character Sita in Zee TV’s Ramayan. In 2006, Irani co-produced the show Thodi Si Zameen Thoda Sa Aasmaan under her banner Ugraya Entertainment and Balaji Telefilms. She also played the lead role of Uma in it. In 2007, she produced the TV serial Virrudh for Sony TV and also portrayed the lead character of Vasudha in it. She also produced Mere Apne for 9X and portrayed the protagonist alongside Vinod Khanna. She also acted in a supporting role in Zee TV’s Teen Bahuraaniyaan.

In 2008, Irani along with Sakshi Tanwar hosted the show Yeh Hai Jalwa, a dance based reality show featuring celebrities along with their troops on 9X. In the same year she also produced another show on Zee TV, Waaris which ended in 2009. In 2009, she came in a comedy show, aired on SAB TV. She also co-produced the show in collaboration with Contiloe Entertainment. In 2012, she also worked in Bengali movie Amrita.

rani joined the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2003. She became vice-president of the Maharashtra Youth Wing in 2004. In the 2004 general elections for the 14th Lok Sabha, she contested unsuccessfully against Kapil Sibal from the Chandni Chowk constituency in Delhi. She was nominated as executive member of the central committee of the BJP. In December 2004, Irani threatened to “fast unto death” until then Gujarat Chief Minister, Narendra Modi resigned, blaming him for BJP’s electoral losses. However she later retracted this demand after BJP’s central leadership threatened to take action against her. In May 2009, Irani while campaigning for Vijay Goel’s candidature in New Delhi, voiced her concerns about the safety of women in the capital. She advocated capital punishment for rapists as a deterrent.

In early 2010, Irani was appointed as the National Secretary of BJP and on 24 June, she was appointed as All India President of the BJP’s women’s wing, BJP Mahila Morcha. In August 2011, she was sworn in as a member of parliament from Gujarat to the Rajya Sabha.

Irani contested the 2014 general elections against Rahul Gandhi in Amethi constituency of Uttar Pradesh. Irani lost to Gandhi by 107,923 votes, a 12.32% margin. On 26 May 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi appointed her as the Minister of Human Resource Development in his cabinet. At 38, she is the youngest member of the cabinet.

In May 2014, Smriti Irani was at the centre of a raging controversy over her educational qualification after it emerged that she had made contradictory declarations when she contested Lok Sabha elections in 2004 and 2014. As a candidate in 2004 elections from Chandni Chowk in Delhi, Irani had declared that she had a Bachelor of Arts degree. “B.A. 1996 Delhi University (School of Correspondence)”, she had written in the column which seeks details of University education and the year in which the course was completed. In the same column of the affidavit filed in the 2014 elections from Amethi, Irani has said,”Bachelor of Commerce Part-1, School of Open Learning (Correspondence), University of Delhi-1994″.

The appointment of Smriti Irani was criticised by many people owing to her improper education. Apart from opposition leaders, even well known supporter of Narendra Modi, Madhu Kishwar remain critical of her.

The controversy over HRD Minister Smriti Irani’s educational qualifications took new turn with her assertion that she also has a degree from the prestigious Yale University in the US. “In that kitty of mine where people call me ‘anpad'(illiterate) I do have a degree from Yale University as well which I can bring out and show how Yale celebrated my leadership capacities. Eleven MPs from India underwent six days crash course in leadership program at the Yale University. The MPs attended the program at the campus of University in New Haven, Connecticut on June 19. Irani asked people to file a PIL about her educational qualification to know about the truth behind the affidavit controversy.

As HRD Minister Smriti Irani was accused of favouritism towards Vishram Jamdar, a self-proclaimed ‘RSS person’ and a regional Sangh Parivar leader, for appointment as the Chairman of Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur.

In 2001, Smriti married Zubin Irani, a Parsi businessman. In October of the same year, the couple had their first child, a son named Zohr. In September 2003, the couple had their second child, a daughter named Zoish. Smriti is also a stepmother to Shanelle who is Zubin Irani’s daughter from his previous marriage with coordinator and former beauty contestant Mona Irani.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: March 22, 2015

Read Biography of Madhavrao Scindia

Madhavrao Scindia

Read Biography of Madhavrao Scindia Madhavrao Jivajirao Scindia was born on 10 March 1945 in Mumbai, India & died on 30 September 2001 in Mainpuri district of Uttar Pradesh, was an Indian politician and minister from the Congress Party. Earlier, in 1961, he had become the titular Maharaja of Gwalior being a descendant of the Scindia dynasty of the Marathas. However, in the 26th amendment to the Constitution of India promulgated in 1971, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles, privileges, and remuneration (privy purses).

Scindia was born to the last ruling Maharaja of Gwalior, Jivajirao Scindia. He was educated at the Scindia School, endowed by his family, in Gwalior, Winchester College and then at New College, Oxford.

After Indian independence in 1947, the princely state of Gwalior acceded to the Union of India and became part of the new state of Madhya Bharat, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh. Scindia followed the political tradition set by his mother Rajmata Vijayraje Scindia and was elected to the Lok Sabha, lower house of the Indian parliament in 1971.

A nine-term member of the Lok Sabha, Madhavrao Scindia never lost an election since 1971, when he won for the first time from Guna constituency at the age of 26. He contested the election on the ticket of Jan Sangh, a party that his family had long patronised. In the 1977 election after the emergency was lifted, he contested from Guna constituency as an Independent candidate and still won the seat a second time in spite of the wave in favour of Janata Party (Bhartiya Lok Dal-BLD). In the 1980 election, he switched allegiance to Indian National Congress and won from Guna a third time. But in 1984, he was nominated as the Congress candidate from Gwalior in a last-minute manoeuvre to defeat the Bharatiya Janata Party’s Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and won by a massive margin. After that Scindia contested from either Gwalior or Guna and won on each occasion.

The 1984 election brought Scindia his first experience as a Minister. He made his mark as an excellent administrator during his stint as Railways Minister (22 October 1986 – 1 December 1989) in the Rajiv Gandhi Ministry. He is credited with the modernisation and computerisation of Indian Railways and with maintaining the most cordial and professional relationship with his managerial cadres.

Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao made him Minister for Civil Aviation. He faced a turbulent period of agitation by the staff of the domestic carrier, Indian Airlines, and as part of a strategy of disciplining the workforce he leased a number of aircraft from Russia. Early in 1992 one of these aircraft crashed, though without any loss of life, and Scindia promptly submitted his resignation. Although not known to be too finicky about such notions as ministerial accountability, the prime minister accepted his resignation. Scindia was later reinducted into the Cabinet in 1995 as Minister for Human Resource Development. Scindia is also accredited with set up of Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management (IIITM) at Gwalior as an institution of repute, which got renamed after Atal Bihari Vajpayee as ABV-IIITM.

In 1996, he along with Arjun Singh and other Congress dissidents had the opportunity to be part of the United Front (U.F.) government at the Centre. Although his Madhya Pradesh Vikas Congress was part of the U.F., Scindia himself opted to stay out of the Cabinet. He was the President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India from 1990 to 1993.

Madhavrao Scindia was killed in a plane crash on the outskirts of Mainpuri district of Uttar Pradesh on 30 September 2001. All eight on board died in tragic crash: his personal secretary Rupinder Singh, journalists Sanjeev Sinha (The Indian Express), Anju Sharma (The Hindustan Times), Gopal Bisht, Ranjan Jha (Aaj Tak), pilot Ray Gautam and co-pilot Ritu.The autopsies were conducted and other legal formalities completed at AIIMS New Delhi by Professor T D Dogra. Although by then princely titles and privileges had long been abolished, his son Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia was symbolically anointed head of the family and the ‘Maharaja of Gwalior’ in a Hindu ceremony, the position carrying no legal status.

Tags: , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: March 9, 2015

Read Biography of Shashi Tharoor

Shashi Tharoor

Read Biography of Shashi Tharoor Dr. Shashi Tharoor, born on 9 March 1956 in London, is currently the Indian Minister of State for External Affairs and a member of the Indian Parliament from the Trivandrum constituency in Kerala.

Born to Chandran Tharoor, born Tharoor Chandrasekharan Nair, hailing from the ‘Tharoor Tharavad’ of Chittilanchery, Palakkad, Kerala. His mother, Lily Tharoor, born Sulekha Menon, hails from ‘Mundarath Tharavad’ in Elavanchery, Palakkad, Kerala and has adopted the nickname “Lily” as her formal name. His roots are in Palakkad, Kerala, India. He studied at Montfort School in Yercaud and Campion School in Mumbai, attended high school at St. Xavier’s Collegiate School in Kolkata, Bachelor of Arts degree in history from St. Stephen’s College, Delhi. He later joined Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. He then completed a Ph.D. at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, Massachusetts, at the age of 22.

He previously, between June 2002 and February 2007, served as the UN Under-Secretary General for Communications and Public Information, during the term of Secretary-General Kofi Annan at the United Nations. In 2006, he was the official candidate of India for the office of United Nations Secretary-General, and came second out of seven official candidates in the race. He is also a prolific author, columnist, journalist, human-rights advocate and a humanitarian.

He also presently serves on the Board of Overseers of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, the board of trustees of the Aspen Institute, and the Advisory Boards of the Indo-American Arts Council, the American India Foundation, the World Policy Journal, the Virtue Foundation and the human rights organization Breakthrough. He is an International Adviser to the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva for the period 2008-2011, a Fellow of the New York Institute of the Humanities and the Patron of the Dubai Modern School.

On 19 March 2009, Tharoor was declared as the Indian National Congress candidate of the Thiruvananthapuram (Lok Sabha constituency) in Kerala for the General Elections in 2009. Tharoor featured in a five-cornered contest against P. Ramachandran Nair of the Communist Party of India (CPI), Neelalohitadasan Nadar of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), M.P. Gangadharan of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) and P. K. Krishna Das of Bharathiya Janata Party (BJP).

Tharoor is known for his passionate interest in cricket, especially Indian cricket, about which he has written in such publications as The Cricketer International, The Illustrated Weekly of India and The Hindu. A theatre buff and successful actor in his schooldays, he played Antony to Mira Nair’s Cleopatra in a 1974 production of Antony and Cleopatra. At St. Stephen’s in the early 1970s he founded the Quiz Club, which is still in existence; he also revived the Wodehouse Society, which is no longer in existence. Upon election as President of the College Union (campaign slogan: “Shashi Tharoor jeetega zaroor”) he relinquished the Secretaryship of the History Society as well as the editorship of the campus humour magazine “Kooler Talk.” He was invited by St. Stephen’s College to deliver the college’s 125th Anniversary Jubilee Lecture in 2005. He has been an elected Fellow of the New York Institute for the Humanities and a member of the Advisory Board of the Indo-American Arts Council. He has also served on the Board of Directors of Breakthrough, an international human rights organization, the Board of Overseers of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, the Board of Trustees of the Aspen Institute, and as an International Adviser to the International Committee of the Red Cross. He also supported various educational causes, including as Patron of the Modern School in Dubai, UAE. He is a member of the Indian National Congress.

At the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1976, he founded and was the first chair of the editorial board of the Fletcher Forum of International Affairs, a journal examining issues in international relations .

Tharoor has twin sons from his first marriage, Ishaan and Kanishk. Both attended Yale University. Ishaan writes for Time magazine’s international edition in Hong Kong, while Kanishk is an editor at openDemocracy in London.

Tags: , , , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: March 8, 2015

Read Biography of J. Jayalalithaa

J. Jayalalithaa

Read Biography of J. Jayalalithaa Jayalalithaa Jayaram was born on 24 February 1948 in Melukote, Karnataka, India, commonly referred to as J. Jayalalitha, is the former Chief Minister and current leader of the opposition of the Government of Tamil Nadu, India. She is the incumbent General Secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), a Dravidian party in the state. She is called Amma (Mother) by her supporters and Puratchi Thalaivi (Revolutionary Leader) by her followers. She was a popular film star in Tamil and Telugu cinema before entering politics.

She was born Komalavalli in Melukote in Pandavapur taluk of Mandya district, Karnataka, in a Tamil Iyengar family, native of Srirangam, Trichy. She was initially educated at the Bishop Cotton Girls’ High School in Bangalore but later moved to Madras State (now Tamil Nadu) along with her mother Sandhya, who ventured as an actress into Tamil cinema.

She was then schooled at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park Presentation Convent) in Chennai (then, Madras). She excelled in academics and has claimed that she was offered a scholarship for higher studies from the Government of India but with guidance from her mother, young Jayalalitha moved into film industry. She started acting most of her well known hits when she was 15. She had an older brother, Jayakumar, who died in the early 90’s. He was married to Vijaya and has two children.

Prior to her venture into politics, she had a successful career in the Tamil film industry as an actress. She acted in the English language movie Epistle released in 1961 and produced by Shankar Giri, son of former president of India Dr. V. V. Giri. Chinnada Gombe, her first film in Kannada, was a major hit. Her first Telugu film Manushulu Mamathalu made her famous. In 1972, she was honored by the Tamil Nadu State Government with the Kalaimamani award. She has acted opposite Dharmendra in the Hindi Movie Izzat. Her last film was Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal in 1980.

In 1981, she joined the AIADMK and was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1988, marking her entry into the Parliament of India. Her association with politics grew from her friendship with the Late M. G. Ramachandran (popularly known as M.G.R), a movie star and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, and her position as MGR’s mistress helped her become his political heir.

During her years out of power, she has had to face a number of criminal lawsuits stemming from her first term rule mostly dealing with embezzlement and monetary fraud. In 2001, a specially designated court convicted her of criminal breach of trust and of illegally acquiring governmental property belonging to TANSI, a state-run agency, and sentenced her to five years’ imprisonment. She appealed against the sentence to the Supreme Court of India. While the appeal was under judicial consideration, the conviction disqualified her from contesting the 2001 elections. However, having led her party to victory, she controversially became the Chief Minister as a non-elected member of the assembly in tamil nadu.

On 21 September 2001, a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India ruled that “a person who is convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than two years cannot be appointed the Chief Minister of a State under Article 164 (1) read with (4) and cannot continue to function as such”. Thereby, the bench decided that “in the appointment of Ms. Jayalalithaa as Chief Minister there has been a clear infringement of a Constitutional provision and that a writ of quo warranto must issue”.

In effect, her appointment as Chief Minister was declared null and invalid. Therefore, technically, she was not the Chief Minister in the period between 14 May 2001 and 21 September 2001. O. Panneerselvam, a minister in her party, was subsequently installed as the Chief Minister. However, his government was widely believed to have been puppeted and micro-managed by Jayalalithaa. In 2003, the Supreme Court acquitted her in the specific case, for lack of conclusive evidence to convict her. This cleared the way for her to contest a mid-term poll to the Andipatti constituency, after the elected representative for the seat, gave up his membership. Winning the election by a handsome margin, Jayalalithaa took over the Chief Ministership again. She is still a party in a few criminal litigations, from her first term rule, in the courts in the neighbouring Karnataka state.

After the 2006 assembly elections, O. Panneerselvam was elected the AIADMK legislature party leader and hence the Leader of the Opposition in the assembly after she decided not to attend the assembly except if “absolutely necessary”. However, she, by virtue of her strong control over her party, was considered to be the de-facto leader of the opposition in the state. Later that month when all the attending AIADMK MLAs were suspended, she started attending the assembly. She was elected the legislature party leader and now (as of 2006) leads the opposition in the assembly.

Tags: , , , , , , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: February 23, 2015

Read Biography of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai

Rafi Ahmed Kidwai

Read Biography of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Rafi Ahmed Kidwai was born on 18 February 1894 in Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India & died on 24 October 1954, was a politician, an Indian independence activist and a socialist, sometimes described as an Islamic socialist. He hailed from Barabanki District of United Provinces, now Uttar Pradesh, in north India.

He was born on 18 February 1894 in the village of Masauli, in Barabanki district, United Provinces, India, the eldest of four sons of Imtiaz Ali Kidwai, a middle-class zamindar (or landowner) and government servant, and his wife, Rashid ul-Nisa, who died during his early childhood. He received his early education from a tutor at the home of his uncle, Wilayat Ali, a politically active lawyer, and in the village school. He attended the Government High School, Barabanki, until 1913. He then attended the Mohammadan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh, where he graduated BA in 1918. He began work towards the degree of LLB, but, swept up by the khilafat and non-co-operation movements in 1920–21 (the first of Mahatma Gandhi’s major all-India satyagraha, or non-violent civil resistance, movements) and jailed for his participation, he never completed it. He married Majid ul-Nisa in 1919. They had one child, a son, who died at seven years of age. Late Rafi Sahab had five brothers, he himself was the eldest. other brothers were Late Shafi Ahmad Kidwai, Late Mehfooz Ahmad Kidwai, Late Ali Kamil Kidwai and Late Hussain kamil Kidwai.Now Fareed Kidwai s/o late Mehfooz Ahmad Kidwai is a MOS in UP govt. Other surviving nephews are Rishad Kamil Kidwai s/o Late Mehfooz Ahmed Kidwai, Mumtaz Kamil Kidwai s/o Late Ali Kamil Kidwai and Hasan Javed Kidwai s/o Husain kamil Kidwai.

After attending Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College in Aligarh, Kidwai entered politics through the Khilafat movement.

After his release from jail in 1922 Kidwai moved to Allahabad, where he became attached to the Nehru family, as private secretary first to Motilal Nehru, then to Jawaharlal, to whom he remained devoted thereafter. In 1926 he was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly of British India. Kidwai, a virtuoso politician, took the leading organizational role in numerous ventures: in the election campaign of the Swaraj Party (an electoral offshoot of the Congress) as chief whip of the Congress in the central legislative assembly from 1926 to 1929; in the satyagraha and agrarian no-tax movement in the United Provinces in 1930–31; as general secretary of the United Provinces Congress committee in 1931, then president, from which position he led the organisation of the campaign for the provincial assembly elections of 1937; in his subsequent organisation of the 1946 elections; and in many other roles.

After the passage of the Government of India Act 1935, he held an office for the Indian National Congress.

From 1930–31 until the independence of India in 1947 Kidwai was, alongside Govind Ballabh Pant, the leading figure in Congress politics in the United Provinces and in the governments formed in that province under the terms of the Government of India Act of 1935 in 1937 and 1946. As revenue minister in the first government he was responsible for piloting the United Provinces Tenancy Act, which modified some of the burdens of the tenantry, presaging the post-independence abolition of the zamindari land system. In the 1946 government he was second to Pant as home minister. Kidwai had been Pant’s political manager.

In 1937, Kidwai became a minister for Revenue and Prisons in Govind Ballabh Pant’s cabinet in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh (UP) under the Provincial Autonomy Scheme. Under his stewardship, UP became the first province to curtail the zamindari system. In April 1946, he became the Home Minister of UP.

Nehru called Kidwai to join him in the central government as minister for communications on 15 August 1947.

Kidwai was a major ally of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. After India gained independence from the British Raj in 1947, Kidwai became India’s first Minister for Communications. (Kidwai and Abul Kalam Azad were the two Muslims in Nehru’s central cabinet.)

After the first general elections in 1952,Mr.Kidwai elected from Bahraich. Nehru entrusted Kidwai with the portfolio of Food and Agriculture at a time when there was food rationing in the country.

In Delhi Kidwai, ever the political operative, soon became embroiled in the national struggle for power between Nehru and the supporters of Sardar Patel. He was one of the principal founders of the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party, which broke away from the Congress to contest the elections of 1952 on its own. However, Kidwai vacillated, resigned briefly from the Congress, then returned to it to contest and win a parliamentary seat, after which he rejoined Nehru in the central government on 13 May 1952 as minister for food and agriculture. In this role he was credited with implementing several measures that prevented a major food crisis. He also played a critical role in the Kashmir imbroglio in 1953, involving the displacement of Sheikh Abdullah from the prime ministership of the state.

Kidwai was the only prominent Congress Muslim politician in the thoroughly communalised political atmosphere of his home province. All his followers were secular-minded Hindus from many different castes, whose political views ranged from conservative to socialist. Kidwai himself held to no ideology other than his devotion to the cause of Indian emancipation from British rule, though, like his mentor, Jawaharlal Nehru, he was loosely associated with those on the putative left of the Indian spectrum. While generous to all who sought his help, he was also a clever, manipulative, and conspiratorial political opponent in factional conflicts within the Congress organisation, who at times engaged in legally dubious tactical moves against his rivals. A devoted band of followers in the United Provinces remained loyal to him throughout his life. In a humorous play on English, they proclaimed themselves ‘Rafians’, though after his departure to the central government they were reduced to a small minority in the provincial party organisation and dispersed in factions within and parties outside the Congress.

Kidwai suffered heart failure, precipitated by an attack of asthma, in the midst of a speech at a public meeting in Delhi and died shortly thereafter, on 24 October 1954. He was buried in his home village, Masauli, where a Mughal-style mausoleum was built over his grave. A formidable fund-raiser for Congress movements and elections, he distributed his largesse to all and sundry, but died in debt, leaving behind only a decaying house in his home village.

Since 1956 Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award is given by ICAR once every two years to a scientist who has made outstanding research contributions in the field of agriculture, animal husbandry and allied sciences(i.e. fisheries, aquatic sciences, and public health microbiology). The award consists of a Gold medal, a citation, and a cash prize of 300,000 Indian rupees.

In Nov 2011, Government of India decided to rename the Postal Staff College, Ghaziabad after him as Rafi Ahmed Kidwai National Postal Academy. The National Academy is entrusted with the task of imparting training to the officers of Indian Postal Service selected through Civil Services Examination conducted by the UPSC. The Academy is in the same league as its counterpart Administrative and Police academies named after stalwarts like Lal Bahadur Shastri and Sardar Patel.

In Kolkata, a major street has been named after him to glorify this hero of the Indian independence movement. His Statue is also located in Indira Nagar,Lucknow and Krishi Bhawan, NEW DELHI to honour his service towards the nation

In his honour,Veteran educationist Sri Asad Ali Farooqui established RAFI AHMAD QIDWAI INTER COLLEGE in Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh.The college was started in 1958 as a junior high school and later became an inter college.Recently Rafi Ahmad Qidwai Inter College completed 50 years of its establishment.Sri Asad Ali Farooqui became the Founder and the first principal of the college and after retiring in 1992, now serves as the president of the college commiittee.

Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology is named after him.He played a major role in donating 20 acres of the Campus land and Rs. 100,000 for the Radiotherapy machine.

Tags: , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: February 17, 2015

Read Biography of T. Nagi Reddy

T. Nagi Reddy

Read Biography of T. Nagi Reddy Tarimala Nagi Reddy was born on 11 February 1917 in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh & died on 28 July 1976, often called “TN” was a communist politician from Andhra Pradesh, India.

T.N. Reddy studied at Loyola College in Madras and at Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi. During his student days he got involved with nationalism and Marxism. His political activities got him jailed in 1940, 1941 and 1946.

Reddy was elected to the Madras legislative assembly, as a communist candidate, in 1951. He was elected to the Lok Sabha from Anantapur in 1957. In 1962 he was elected to the Andhra Pradesh legislative assembly as a Communist Party of India candidate from Putloor. In 1967 he was again elected to the assembly, now as a Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) candidate from Anantapur.

In 1968 T.N. Reddy broke with CPI(M) and formed the Andhra Pradesh Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries. He succeeded in attracting a large part of the CPI(M) cadre to APCCCR. During a brief period APCCCR was part of All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries. Reddy was however very critical of the left adventurist line of Charu Majumdar. Instead he wanted to promote a mass line. Thus Reddy and APCCCR were expelled from AICCCR.

In 1975 Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) was formed through the merger of APCCCR and three other smaller groups. T.N. Reddy worked as a leader of APCCCR until his death in 1976. Today T.N. Reddy is an important source of inspiration for many in the revolutionary left in India, such as the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Kanu Sanyal) (CPI(ML)) of Kanu Sanyal. His most famous work is India Mortgaged.

Tags: , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: February 11, 2015

Read Biography of A. R. Antulay

A. R. Antulay

Read Biography of A. R. Antulay Abdul Rehman Antulay was born on 9 February 1929 in the village Ambet District, Raigad, Maharashtra, India & died on 2 December 2014 in Mumbai, India, was an Indian politician. Antulay was a union minister for Minority Affairs and a Member of Parliament in the 14th Lok Sabha of India. Earlier he had been the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra, but was forced to resign after being convicted by the Bombay High Court on charges that he had extorted money for a trust fund he managed.

Antulay belonged to the Congress party. In the Indian general elections, 2009, he lost to Anant Geete from the Raigad Lok Sabha constituency of Maharashtra.

He was born to father Shri Hafiz Abdul Gafoor and mother Zohrabi in the village Ambet District, Raigad, Maharashtra, India. He is married to Nargis Antulay and the couple have one son and three daughters. After appearing for B.A examination, he studied Barrister-At -Law, Educated at Bombay University and Lincoln’s Inn, London.

Antulay was a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from 1962 to 1976, during which time he served in the Maharashtra state government as Minister of State for Law and Judiciary, Ports and Fisheries and then as Minister of Law & Judiciary, Building, Communication and Housing from October 1969 to February 1976. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1976 to 1980; in 1980, he was again elected to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from June 1980 to January 1982. He was forced to resign his post after allegations of corruption and a conviction in an extortion case. He again got elected in 1985 election to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and remained until 1989, when he was elected to the 9th Lok Sabha. He was re-elected to the 10th Lok Sabha in 1991. From June 1995 to May 1996, he was Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, and from February to May 1996 he was additionally in charge of Water Resources. In 1996 he was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha, and in 2004 he was elected to the 14th Lok Sabha. He was Union Minister for Ministry of Minority Affairs (India) under Manmohan Singh’s government.

He started his career as active social worker in 1945. As a social worker his notable achievements include construction of (i) a jetty on the bank of Savitri river, Bankot (Khadi) Creek through local people offering free labor (shramdan in Marathi) to complete the task. He also worked with his own hands along with the villagers of Ambet; (ii) road between the village Ambet and Lonere Goregaon (then in Kolaba, now in Raigad district) to connect his village to NH-17. He had a keen interest in the uplifting of the weaker section of the society and of the. He resigned from the post of Chief Minister of Maharashtra due to allegations of his involvement in corruption.

Antulay died from chronic Kidney failure on December 2, 2014 while being treated at the Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai.

He resigned as Chief Minister of Maharashtra after the Bombay High Court convicted him of extortion on January 13, 1982. The court ruled that Antulay had illegally required Mumbai area builders to make donations to Indira Gandhi Pristhan trust, one of several trust funds he had established and controlled, in exchange for receiving more cement than the quota allotted to them by the Government.

Again after November 2008 Mumbai attacks he has raised a controversy by saying that the end of Hemant Karkare, of the Anti-Terrorism Squad of Maharashtra, killed in the attacks, may be related to his investigation of the 2006 Malegaon blasts, leading to questions about the Mumbai attacks. Later he changed his stand and told Parliament he had not talked about who killed the police officers but about who “sent them in the wrong direction”. His party, Congress, distanced itself from his statements, however, the US embassy cables indicate that this early dismissal was then followed by tacit promotion, indicating “the Congress Party will readily stoop to the old caste/religious-based politics if it feels it is in its interest.

Tags: , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: February 8, 2015

Read Biography of Khushwant Singh

Khushwant Singh

Read Biography of Khushwant Singh Khushwant Singh was born on 2 February 1915 in Hadali, British India (now in Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan) amp; died on 20 March 2014 in New Delhi, India, was an Indian novelist, lawyer, politician and journalist. An Indo-Anglian writer, Singh was best known for his trenchant secularism, his humour, and an abiding love of poetry. His comparisons of social and behavioural characteristics of Westerners and Indians are laced with acid wit. He served as the editor of several literary and news magazines, as well as two newspapers, through the 1970s and 1980s. He was the recipient of Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award in India.

Khushwant Singh was born in a Sikh family. His father, Sir Sobha Singh, was a prominent builder in Lutyens’ Delhi. His uncle Sardar Ujjal Singh (1895–1983) was Ex. Governor of Punjab & Tamil Nadu.

He was educated at Modern School, New Delhi, Government College, Lahore, St. Stephen’s College in Delhi and King’s College London, before reading for the Bar at the Inner Temple.

Singh started his professional career as a practising lawyer in 1938. He worked at Lahore Court for eight years. In 1947 he entered Indian Foreign Service for the newly independent India. He started as Information Officer of the Government of India in Toronto, Canada. He was Press Attaché and Public Officer for the Indian High Commission for four years in London and Ottawa. In 1951 he joined the All India Radio as a journalist. Between 1954 and 1956 he worked in Department of Mass Communications of UNESCO at Paris. From 1956 he turned to editorial services. He had edited Yojana, an Indian government journal; The Illustrated Weekly of India, a newsweekly; and two major Indian newspapers, The National Herald and the Hindustan Times. During his tenure, The Illustrated Weekly became India’s pre-eminent newsweekly, with its circulation raising from 65,000 to 400000. After working for nine years in the weekly, on 25 July 1978, a week before he was to retire, the management asked Singh to leave “with immediate effect”. A new editor was installed the same day. After Singh’s departure, the weekly suffered a huge drop in readership.

From 1980 to 1986, Singh was a member of Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1974 for service to his country. In 1984, he returned the award in protest against the siege of the Golden Temple by the Indian Army. In 2007, the Indian government awarded Khushwant Singh the Padma Vibhushan.

As a public figure, Singh was accused of favouring the ruling Congress party, especially during the reign of Indira Gandhi. He was derisively called an ‘establishment liberal’. Singh’s faith in the Indian political system was shaken by the anti-Sikh riots that followed Indira Gandhi’s assassination, in which major Congress politicians are alleged to be involved; but he remained resolutely positive on the promise of Indian democracy and worked via Citizen’s Justice Committee floated by H. S. Phoolka who is a senior advocate of Delhi High Court.

Singh was a votary of greater diplomatic relations with Israel at a time when India did not want to displease Arab nations where thousands of Indians found employment. He visited Israel in the 1970s and was marvelled by the progress.

Singh was married to Kawal Malik and had a son, named Rahul Singh, and a daughter, named Mala. Actress Amrita Singh is the daughter of his brother Daljit Singh’s son – Shavinder Singh and Rukhsana Sultana. He stayed in “Sujan Singh Park”, near Khan Market New Delhi, Delhi’s first apartment complex, built by his father in 1945, and named after his grandfather. His grandniece Tisca Chopra is a noted TV and Film Actress.

Singh was a self-proclaimed agnostic, as the title of his 2011 book Agnostic Khushwant: There is no God explicitly revealed. He was particularly against organised religion. He was evidently inclined towards atheism, as he said, “One can be a saintly person without believing in God and a detestable villain believing in him. In my personalised religion, There Is No God!” He also once said, “I don’t believe in rebirth or in reincarnation, in the day of judgement or in heaven or hell. I accept the finality of death.” His last book The Good, The Bad and The Ridiculous was published in October 2013, following which he retired from writing. The book was his continued critique of religion and especially its practice in India, including the critique of the clergy and priests. It earned a lot of acclaim in India, where such debates are rare.

Singh died due to natural causes on 20 March 2014 at his Delhi-based residence, at the age of 99. His death was mourned by many including the President, Vice-President and Prime Minister of India. He was survived by his son and daughter. He was cremated at Lodhi Crematorium in Delhi at 4 in the afternoon of the same day. During his lifetime, Khushwant Singh was keen on burial because he believed that with a burial you give back to the earth what you have taken. He had requested the management of the Bahai faith if he could be buried in their cemetery. After initial agreement, they had proposed some conditions which were unacceptable to Singh, and hence the idea was later abandoned. He was born in Hadali, Khushab District in the Punjab Province of modern Pakistan, in 1915. According to his wishes, some of his ashes were brought and scattered in Hadali.

Tags: , , , , , , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: February 2, 2015

Read Biography of Sandeep Naik

Sandeep Naik

Read Biography of Sandeep Naik MLA Sandeep Naik was born on August 4, 1978, Sandeep Naik son of Nationalist Congress party heavy weight & State Excise Minister Non Conventional Energy Minister Shri Ganesh Naik and Younger Brother of Thane NCP & NCP Chief whip MP Sanjeev Naik.

Sandeep Naik is the Standing Committee chairman once again. “We won this post unopposed, as no other corporator filed his nominations papers for this post on Thursday, at the NMMC headquarters. So no voting was required,” said NMMC secretary Chandrakant Devkar. Naik will be declared chairman of the Standing Committee 2009-10 by the divisional commissioner of Konkan Bhavan on Friday at the Standing Committee hall. He did not left any stone unturned in Navi Mumbai During his tenure of Standing Committee chairman he stored “chairman at your doorstep” Campaign & visited every rooks and corner of Navi Mumbai to Solve the civic problems faced by navi mumbaikors.

Sant Gadge Baba Urban Cleanliness Drive Campaign, NMMC Sant Gadge Baba Urban Cleanliness Drive got a youthful start to it for it was not surprisingly from Khairane, the ward of NMMC Standing Committee Chairman and youth leader Sandeep Naik.

Krida Mahotsav 2009 On the first day of the event, NMMC Standing Committee Chairman Sandeep Naik was present to encourage and cheer the students. Present along with was senior journalist Anil Thattey and Sandeep Vengurlekar- (Vice President, Corporate Affairs) – Birla Group of Industries. Teams of boys and girls under the age group of 12 yrs, 14 yrs, 16 yrs came together to show their talent in sports like kabaddi and kho-kho.

Green Hope. Standing Committee Chairman Sandeep Naik said,”Last year we planted 1, 00,000 trees and ensured 75% survival rates. This year, we have doubled the target. We will continue to plant trees till every square in of open space is greened.”

Vidhan Sabha election 2009. NCP-Congress alliance candidate Sandeep Naik registered victory the Airoli constituency on Thursday. He defeated Shiv Sena-BJP candidate, political archrival of the Naiks, by 11,964 votes. Sandeep managed to get 79,075 votes out of the total 1,57,751 votes cast, while 67,118 voters favoured BJP-shivshena Candidate.

Tags: , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: August 3, 2014

Read Biography of Maithili Sharan Gupt

Maithili Sharan Gupt

Read Biography of Maithili Sharan Gupt Maithilisharan Gupt was born on 3 August 1886 in Chirgaon, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, British India & died on 12 December 1964, was one of the most important modern Hindi poets. He is considered among the pioneers of Khari Boli (plain dialect) poetry and wrote in Khari Boli dialect, at a time when most Hindi poets favoured the use of Braj Bhasha dialect.

His father was Seth Ramcharan Gupta and mother’s name was Smt. Kashibai. He disliked school as a child, so his father arranged for his education at their home. As a child, Gupt studied Sanskrit, English and Bengali. Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi was his mentor. He was married in 1895.

He was the teacher of Dewan Shatrughan Singh(Bundelkhandi Royal), who is known as Bundelkhand Kesri & Bundelkhand Gandhi.

Gupt entered the world of Hindi literature by writing poems in various magazines, including Saraswati. In 1910, his first major work, Rang mein Bhang was published by Indian Press. With Bharat Bharati, his nationalist poems became popular among Indians, who were struggling for independence. Most of his poems revolve around plots from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Buddhist stories and the lives of famous religious leaders. His famous work Saket revolves around Urmila, wife of Lakshmana, from Ramayana, while another of his works Yashodhara revolves around Yashodhara, the wife of Gautama Buddha.

Gupt also translated major works from other language into Hindi. These include the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyám and Swapnavaasavdatta, a Sanskrit play.

After India became independent in 1947, he was also made an honorary member of the Rajya Sabha, where he used poetry to put his opinions before the other members. He remained a member of the Rajya Sabha till his death in 1965.

His works are based along patriotic themes, among others poets such as such as Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Makhanlal Chaturvedi. His poetry is characterized by non-rhyming couplets, in Khadi Boli. Although the couplet structure is non rhyming, the prominent use of alliterations lends a rhythmic backdrop due the rhythmic alterations between vowels and consonants. He was a religious man, and this can be seen in his works.

Tags: , , , , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: August 2, 2014

Read Biography of Vidya Charan Shukla

Vidya Charan Shukla

Read Biography of Vidya Charan Shukla Vidya Charan Shukla was born on 2 August 1929 in Raipur, Central Provinces and Berar, British India & died on 11 June 2013 in Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, was an noted Indian politician and Minister in a long span of almost six decades in Indian politics. He was a close associate of Indira Gandhi and controversial for his role in the Emergency.

His father Pt. Ravishankar Shukla was a lawyer, freedom fighter, veteran Congressman, Premier of Central Provinces and Berar and the first Chief Minister of reorganised Madhya Pradesh. Shyama Charan Shukla, three times Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh was his elder brother.He had seven other siblings.He participated in Indias freedom struggle.

Vidya Charan Shukla graduated from Morris College, Nagpur in 1951. He started Allwyn Cooper Private Ltd., which was organizing big-game safari and photo expeditions of wildlife in Central Indian forests.

For the general elections in 1957 the Congress Party chose him as their Lok Sabha candidate from Mahasamund constituency. He won with a thumping victory to enter the Parliament of India as one of its youngest Parliamentarians. He returned elected to Lok Sabha 9 times in subsequent elections.

When Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister in 1966, he was chosen as a Minister in the her Cabinet. He was Minister of State under Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from 1967 to 1977 including as Minister of State with Independent Charge of Information and Broadcasting. Despite a versatile career, Shukla’s role as Information and Broadcasting Minister during the Emergency period had got him some odium as propagandist for Indira Gandhi’s government. His ministry attracted adverse attention for the media censor policy during that period when Freedom of speech was under attack. The Justice Shah Commission of Inquiry which went into the Emergency excesses,was stunned when V. C. Shukla owned entire responsibility for the functioning of his ministry. He had banned Kishore Kumar’s songs on All India Radio because Kishore Kumar had refused to sing at an Indira Gandhi rally. He was known for his iron-fist handling of the media during the Emergency. He was also a minister in Rajiv Gandhi lead Congress government, but left and joined the revolt against Rajiv Gandhi in the mid-1980s and was one of the founders of Jan Morcha along-with Arun Nehru, V.P. Singh and Arif Mohammad Khan.
Vidya Charan Shukla was close to his 86th birthday and was part of Congress Party’s Parivartan Yatra in Chhattisgarh, when he got bullet injuries in Naxal attack on 25 May 2013. He was later shifted to Medanta at Gurgaon, where he succumbed to his injuries on 11 June 2013.

President Pranab Mukherjee in his condolence message said Vidya Charan Shukla was a veteran Parliamentarian, able administrator and an outstanding statesman. Shekhar Dutt, the Chhattisgarh Governor said his death marks the end of an era. Several leaders including Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, Sonia Gandhi, Lal Krishna Advani and others, cutting across party lines paid tribute to him and many national leaders were present at his last rites.

He is survived by his wife and three daughters.

Tags: , , Filled Under: Biographies Posted on: August 1, 2014