Biography of Rani Lakshmibai



Read Biography of Rani Lakshmibai Lakshmi bai, The Rani (Queen) of Jhansi was born on November 1828 Kashi, Varanasi, India & died on 17 June 1858 Gwalior, India,, known as Jhansi Ki Rani, the queen of the Jhansi, was one of the leading figures of the First Freedom Struggle of India, and a symbol of resistance to British rule in India. She has gone down in Indian history as a legendary figure, the firebrand who began the Indian Revolution against British Colonialism and for Indian independence.

Originally named Manikarnika at birth (nicknamed Manu), she was born on 19 November 1828 at Kashi (Varanasi) to a Brahman family. She was also known as Chulbuli because of her jolly ways & beauty. She lost her mother at the age of four. She was educated at home. Her father Moropant Tambe worked at the court of Peshwa at Bithur and then travelled to the court of Raja Bal Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, the Maharaja of Jhansi, when Manu was thirteen years old. She was married to Gangadhar Rao, the Raja of Jhansi, at the age of fourteen and was given the new name ‘Lakshmi Bai’. Because of her father’s influence at court, Rani Lakshmi Bai had more independence than most women, who were normally restricted to the zenana. She studied self defence, horsemanship, archery, and even formed her own army out of her female friends at court.

Rani Lakshmi Bai gave birth to a son in 1851, however this child died when he was about four months old. After the death of their son, the Raja and Rani of Jhansi adopted Damodar Rao. However, it is said that her husband the Raja never recovered from his son’s death, and he died on 21 November 1853 of a broken heart.

Because Damodar Rao was adopted and not biologically related to the Raja, the East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, was able to install the Doctrine of Lapse, rejecting Rao’s claim to the throne. Dalhousie then annexed Jhansi, saying that the throne had become “lapsed” and thus put Jhansi under his “protection”. In March 1854, the Rani was given a pension of 60,000 rupees and ordered to leave the palace at the Jhansi fort.

While this was happening in Jhansi, on May 10, 1857 the Sepoy (soldier) Mutiny of India started in Meerut. This would become the starting point for the rebellion against the British. It began after rumours were put about that the new bullet casings for their Enfield rifles were coated with pork/beef fat, pigs being taboo to Muslims and cows sacred to Hindus and thus forbidden to eat. British commanders insisted on their use and started to discipline anyone who disobeyed. During this rebellion many British soldiers and officers of the East India Company were killed by the sepoys. The British wanted to end the rebellion quickly.

Up to this point, she had been hesitant to rebel against the British, and there is still some controversy over her role in the massacre of the British HEIC officials and their wives and children on the 8th June 1857 at Jokhan Bagh. Her hesitation finally ended when British troops arrived under Sir Hugh Rose and laid siege to Jhansi on 23 March 1858. Rani Laxmibai with her faithful warriors decided not to surrender. The fighting continued for about two weeks. Shelling on Jhansi was very fierce. In the Jhansi army women were also carrying ammunition and were supplying food to the soldiers. Rani Lakshmi Bai was very active. She herself was inspecting the defense of the city. She rallied her troops around her and fought fiercely against the British. An army of 20,000, headed by the rebel leader Tatya Tope, was sent to relieve Jhansi and to take Lakshmi Bai to freedom. However, the British, though numbering only 1,540 in the field so as not to break the siege, were better trained and disciplined than the “raw recruits,” and these inexperienced soldiers turned and fled shortly after the British began to attack on the 31st March. Lakshmi Bai’s forces could not hold out and three days later the British were able to breach the city walls and capture the city. Yet Lakshmi Bai escaped over the wall at night and fled from her city, surrounded by her guards, many of whom were from her women’s military.

Along with the young Damodar Rao, the Rani decamped to Kalpi along with her forces where she joined other rebel forces, including those of Tatya Tope. The Rani and Tatya Tope moved on to Gwalior, where the combined rebel forces defeated the army of the Maharaja of Gwalior after his armies deserted to the rebel forces. They then occupied the strategic fort at Gwalior. However on the second day of fighting, on 18 June 1858, the Rani died.

She died on 17 June 1858 during the battle for Gwalior with 8th Hussars that took place in Kotah-Ki-Serai near Phool Bagh area of Gwalior. She donned warrior’s clothes and rode into battle to save Gwalior Fort, about 120 miles west of Lucknow in what is now the state of Uttar Pradesh. The British captured Gwalior three days later. In the report of the battle for Gwalior, General Hugh Rose (was known as sir Hugh Rose) commented that the rani “remarkable for her beauty, cleverness and perseverance” had been “the most dangerous of all the rebel leaders”.

However, the lack of a corpse to be convincingly identified as the Rani convinced Captain Rheese of the so called “bravest” regiment that she had not actually perished in the battle for Gwalior, stating publicly that, Queen of Jhansi is alive!”. It is believed her funeral was arranged on same day near the spot where she was wounded. One of the her maidservants helped with the arrangement of quick funeral.

Because of her bravery, courage, and wisdom, and her progressive views on women’s empowerment in 19th century India, and due to her sacrifices, she became an icon of Indian independence movement. The Rani was memorialized in bronze statues at both Jhansi and Gwalior, both of which portray her on horseback.She was a very brave queen who sacrificed her self for India.

Her father, Moropant Tambey, was captured and hanged a few days after the fall of Jhansi. Her adopted son, Damodar Rao, was given a pension by the British Raj and cared for, although he never received his inheritance.

Rani Lakshmi Bai became a national heroine and was seen as the epitome of female bravery in India. When the Indian National Army created its first female unit, it was named after her.

Indian poetess Subhadra Kumari Chauhan wrote a poem in the Veer Ras style about her, which is still recited by children in schools of contemporary India.

24 Responses to “Rani Lakshmibai”

  1. Errum Ali says:

    I just loved the biography of manulakshmi bai.

  2. b kaur says:

    i think its great to learn that the woman has such stregth and brave hats off to her ! We love to watch the sereal on Zee TV best of all drama's

  3. Rajasekhar says:

    People should tell these stories to the new generation.

  4. priya says:

    lakshmi bai wiil b da best role modle 4 a woman in society

  5. babu choudhary says:

    she is very inspirable women n sign of success .

  6. Sunil Kakita says:

    Really we humans are proud to have a person/queen like JHANSI Lakshmi Bhai… If I had a chance I was her body guard.

  7. Kanaka durga says:

    I red the story of Lakshmibai in my childhood.Now after watching the serial of jhansilaksmibai in the Z tv i felt very proud of her and really the way she strugglled and fought with britishers was unbeleivable.She is the only women dedicated and sacrified her entire life with out selfishness .She always thinks about the people and the way she trained the women is also a marveless job.she has a very good team spirit.

  8. Balaji Iyer says:

    Dear friends
    I believe all this but who is going to give us the assurance of truthfulness of this story . There are lot of things are hided from us all history is bogus, who knos the original history.

    Please my dear frined educate your children with correct history no false for the sake of caste or religion. I have gone through all great kings and seen lot of fake informations posted i refrred books sites there are so many fake information

    Like jhansi rani she didnt fought for freedom but for her heirship on jhansi. there are somany examples are there. Educate your children ith true history.

  9. r.sharma says:

    Rani laxmi bai
    we missed you……..

  10. r.sharma says:

    rani was great….. tum jaha bhi to we missed u

  11. C.Lalitha Parameswari says:

    She is great for ever. We Missed her Lot…

  12. C.LalithaParameswari says:

    Mr.Balaji Iyer how you say She fought for heirship only.
    If she fought for heirship only means she might achieved in anyway like she might joined her hands with british and thus she retain her position in some way. But she truly and deeply loved our nation and people from child hood. There are proofs and examples for that too. I too agree where ever the history there may be some added imaginations.But this is bad as u said "she didn't fought for freedom". Bcoz it is not happened before 500-600 years back just before around 182 – 153 years only. So there is less probability on imaginations and somewhere there must be official proofs exists for this. What I Kindly request you is before post any comments about the Legend's think carefully what you go to post. Bcoz We didn't got our freedom for free of cost it's our mother's soul saved by lot and lot of people's blood and soul. We won't need to pamper them but at least we won't insult them like these quotes. Its our duty to keep and carry these persons to out next generation. Other wise we may need another freedom fight for our country. B'coz in the name of globalization again it starts to intrude the foreign countries with in our country but in modern trends. Globalization is good thing until its with in a limit. The Indian people – We only need to set that limit and keep our mother free, healthy and wealthy. Laxmi Bhai Ki Jai and Jai Hind.

  13. C.Lalitha Parameswari says:

    Mr.Balaji Iyer how you say She fought for heirship only.

    If she fought for heirship only means she might achieved in anyway like she might joined her hands with british and thus she retain her position in some way. But she truly and deeply loved our nation and people from child hood. There are proofs and examples for that too. I too agree where ever the history there may be some added imaginations.But this is bad as u said “she didn’t fought for freedom”. Bcoz it is not happened before 500-600 years back just before around 182 – 153 years only. So there is less probability on imaginations and somewhere there must be official proofs exists for this. What I Kindly request you is before post any comments about the Legend’s think carefully what you go to post. Bcoz We didn’t got our freedom for free of cost it’s our mother’s soul saved by lot and lot of people’s blood and soul. We won’t need to pamper them but at least we won’t insult them like these quotes. Its our duty to keep and carry these persons to out next generation. Other wise we may need another freedom fight for our country. B’coz in the name of globalization again it starts to intrude the foreign countries with in our country but in modern trends. Globalization is good thing until its with in a limit. The Indian people – We only need to set that limit and keep our mother free, healthy and wealthy. Laxmi Bhai Ki Jai and Jai Hind.

  14. CLPe says:

    She is Great For Ever and We Missed Manu (a) Laxmi bhai Lot..

    Not only her We Missed All the great people who were make her and support her like Tataya tope, Gangadhar Rao etc..

    And Mr.Balaji Iyer how you say She fought for heirship only.

    If she fought for heirship only means she might achieved in anyway like she might joined her hands with british and thus she retain her position in some way. But she truly and deeply loved our nation and people from child hood. There are proofs and examples for that too. I too agree where ever the history there may be some added imaginations.But this is bad as u said “she didn’t fought for freedom”. Bcoz it is not happened before 500-600 years back just before around 182 – 153 years only. So there is less probability on imaginations and somewhere there must be official proofs exists for this. What I Kindly request you is before post any comments about the Legend’s think carefully what you go to post. Bcoz We didn’t got our freedom for free of cost it’s our mother’s soul saved by lot and lot of people’s blood and soul. We won’t need to pamper them but at least we won’t insult them like these quotes. Its our duty to keep and carry these persons to out next generation. Other wise we may need another freedom fight for our country. B’coz in the name of globalization again it starts to intrude the foreign countries with in our country but in modern trends. Globalization is good thing until its with in a limit. The Indian people – We only need to set that limit and keep our mother free, healthy and wealthy. Laxmi Bhai Ki Jai and Jai Hind.

  15. CLPe says:

    Mr.Balaji Iyer how you say She fought for heirship only.

    If she fought for heirship only means she might achieved in anyway like she might joined her hands with british and thus she retain her position in some way. But she truly and deeply loved our nation and people from child hood. There are proofs and examples for that too. I too agree where ever the history there may be some added imaginations.But this is bad as u said “she didn’t fought for freedom”. Bcoz it is not happened before 500-600 years back just before around 182 – 153 years only. So there is less probability on imaginations and somewhere there must be official proofs exists for this. What I Kindly request you is before post any comments about the Legend’s think carefully what you go to post. Bcoz We didn’t got our freedom for free of cost it’s our mother’s soul saved by lot and lot of people’s blood and soul. We won’t need to pamper them but at least we won’t insult them like these quotes. Its our duty to keep and carry these persons to out next generation. Other wise we may need another freedom fight for our country. B’coz in the name of globalization again it starts to intrude the foreign countries with in our country but in modern trends. Globalization is good thing until its with in a limit. The Indian people – We only need to set that limit and keep our mother free, healthy and wealthy. Laxmi Bhai Ki Jai and Jai Hind.

  16. vish says:

    very proud of her…… a women should hav qualities like her………… people should come across her characters…….

  17. saira says:

    rani lakshmi bai hum kyo nahi aap ke time khuda se puchenge

  18. pallavi says:

    we miss the veranari jansi lakhmi bai

  19. Sridhar says:

    Ms.Lalitha.

    Jhasi Ki Rani is the greatest freedom fighter.No questions or doubts on that.Like most of kings she didn't join hands with British for personnel gains. I request all to stop writing negitive about real freedom fighters like Jhansi Ki Rani,Tantiya Torpe ,Shaheed Bhagat Singh. Chandra Sekhar Azad & Subash Chadrabose and so many other great freedom fighters.They died for country at young age

  20. honey says:

    i live u jhasi ki rani and ur the great women that you scarifies ur life to ur nation and you foughted with birtish by carrying ur child with you ………….but some people like balaji does no about ur great ness of you………..i think he is also a british man that's y he is spreading all nonsense rumours………….

  21. hio says:

    hiiiiiiiiii

  22. honey says:

    if you dont know the history of jhasi lakshmi bai means just go to any library and read about the greatness of here k but dnt spread such rumour about her i will kill you

  23. Manjula says:

    she is a powerful TIGER

  24. shruti says:

    she is a powerful,successful lady in the world.

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