Dawood Ibrahim (also known as Dawood Ebrahim and Sheikh Dawood Hassan) is an India-born mafioso, currently believed to reside in the city of Karachi, Pakistan. Dawood’s early career developed in the Persian Gulf states and in India. As the head of a vast, sprawling illegal empire, Dawood is said to have acquired money and even political clout. His name has become a byword in political, business and law enforcement circles in the manner of Al Capone and Osama Bin Laden. After the Bombay Blasts in 1993, Dawood Ibrahim quickly became India’s most wanted man. He is said to have moved to Pakistan from the UAE during the ensuing controversy. In 2003, the US government declared Dawood Ibrahim a Global Terrorist and froze his assets in a bid to crack down on his operations.
The son of a police constable, Dawood Ibrahim is said to have begun his career in Mumbai working for the Karim Lala gang and soon shifted residence to Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. Dawood has businesses interests in India, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates. His brother, Anees Ibrahim, and Chhota Shakeel are believed to be his key aides.
According to the United States Department of Treasury, the syndicate headed by Dawood Ibrahim is involved in the shipment of narcotics to the U.K. and Western Europe. Dawood Ibrahim is believed to have ties with Osama bin Laden; the narcotic routes passing through South Asia, the Middle East and Africa are believed to be shared with Osama bin Laden and the Al Qaeda network. Dawood Ibrahim heads a organisation known as the D-Company which carries out billions of dollars of operations in Mumbai alone, he is believed to control much of the ‘hawala’ system, which is the very commonly used unofficial system for transferring money and remittances outside the view of official agencies. Much of the organisation’s operations are in India, allegedly with the support of Pakistan and the ISI.
In the late 1990s, Dawood Ibrahim is said to have traveled to Afghanistan under the protection of the Taliban. The syndicate headed by Dawood Ibrahim has been indicted on charges of inciting riots, and acts of terrorism. Dawood Ibrahim is currently one of India’s most wanted in connection with the blasts in Bombay on March 12, 1993. Dawood Ibrahim has been indicted with financially supporting Islamic terrorist groups such as Lashkar-e-Tayyiba.
In 2005, it was reported that Ibrahim’s daughter married the son of legendary Pakistani cricketer, Javed Miandad. However, Ibrahim did not attend the ceremony in Dubai, which was closely monitored by intelligence agencies.